LVM manages state-owned forest in a way which ensures that the forest satisfies publicly accepted ecological and social needs, that the value of the forest is preserved and increased, and that the amount of income which the state receives as an owner of forestland is enhanced.
At least 20% of the forest that is managed by LVM is managed with the goal of preserving and expanding biological diversity and at protecting the environment. Elsewhere the main goal is to extract as much valuable timber as is possible.
A productive and high-quality forest does not appear from the clear, blue sky. A forest which is not tended is not very productive, and timber from such forests is of a poor level of quality.
This means that the forest must be nurtured. This leads to a greater extraction of timber, as well as higher levels of income. The sanitary conditions of the forest are preserved and enhanced. In a well tended forest, the amount of time which is required by trees to grow to the size that is demanded by the market is reduced by 10%. LVM takes care of between 25,000 and 28,000 ha of newly planted trees and between 15,000 and 19,000 ha of older stands of trees each year. This helps to ensure the ongoing increase in the value of the forest.
Total annual growth in LVM forests is equal to some 7 million m3 of timber. The average fell in each year is around 4 million m3, or 58% of the annual increase in timber volume. This ensures that the felling of trees is not excessive and that more and more timber is accumulated.